Basic narrative structure is one of those principles that writers should follow and it takes part in three defined sections – beginning, middle and the end (resolution). It’s how these are stitched together to make a story, and the order of the events that happen in the story.
The Opening →
Set the scene →
Introduction of character →
A series of events → Conflicts and obstacles → Turning Points → Characters change → Climax→
Character motivation, tension and atmosphere created through conflict.
Plot and theme
Characterisation revealed through dialogue.
- Description, including the range of senses.
- Flashback summary and emphasis.
- Clear POV.
- Obstacles and conflicts.
- Indirect Exposition (Show, Don’t Tell)
- Motivation, atmosphere, tension and emotion.
- Turning points – key moments that define the story or your characters.
- Satisfactory conclusion and resolution.
Dialogue if often overlooked by writers because they think it doesn’t matter so much, but what your characters say is just as important as what they do. Basic narrative structure needs dialogue because it helps with characterisation, it moves the story forward and it helps the reader make sense of what is going on in the story. All this is done through your characters.